Heinrich Heine’s article highlights the association between the burning of books and the burning of people. In Farenheit 451, books symbolize the possibility to be anything you want, which emphaizes the human need for basic freedoms. Therefore , burning these books will deprive people of the possibility to be more than what they’re society upholds, and in doing so contributes to the oppressed, mechanical society in which the story is situated. Bradbury’s narrative depicts the world that results from abandoning possibility in the pursuit of peace-what is acquired instead is a purposelessly repetitive and stagnated culture, where no progress is made, rendering the apparent “peace” equally as purposeless. However, it becomes clear that this pursuit of peace results in those who simply desire to erase individuality in fear of appeasing the needs of the many. Clarissa’s brief presence as an agent of change and subsequent sudden “departure” from the narrative indicates just how threatening Montag’s society is to those who think for themself. By asking Montag if “[he is] happy,” she plants a seed of thought which ultimately blossoms into self-reflection that stands in the face of the wildfire that has razed Montag’s world. As such, it is clear that thought-provoking ideas, and the ability to question such basic things as one’s own happiness are vital if Bradbury’s “utopia” is to have any hope of redemption.